Classic Aircraft Trivia

Category Archives: turboprop

Hi, I’m not John King.  Anyway, for my holiday season blog post, I decided to do something for which some of you will think I’m nuts: the Christmas story.  You may be thinking, “It’s not even Thanksgiving yet!”  Well, true; however, keep in mind that my family bought our Christmas trees November 23rd.  And even if you do think I’m nuts, and in some ways I am, this isn’t one of them, and I’m a Christian, so I don’t care anyway.  So let’s get started!

What I did here is that I combined the different books to get what I consider about the best possible Christmas story.  So if something looks odd, that’s why.

At that time the Roman emperor, Augustus, decreed that a census should be taken throughout the Roman Empire.  (This was the first census taken when Quirinius was governor of Syria.)   All returned to their own towns to register for this census.   And because Joseph was a descendant of King David, he had to go to Bethlehem in Judea, David’s ancient home. He traveled there from the village of Nazareth in Galilee.   He took with him Mary, his fiancée, who was obviously pregnant by this time.   And while they were there, the time came for her baby to be born.   She gave birth to her first child, a son. She wrapped him snugly in strips of cloth and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the village inn.   That night some shepherds were in the fields outside the village, guarding their flocks of sheep.   Suddenly, an angel of the Lord appeared among them, and the radiance of the Lord’s glory surrounded them. They were terribly frightened,   but the angel reassured them. “Don’t be afraid!” he said. “I bring you good news of great joy for everyone!   The Savior– yes, the Messiah, the Lord– has been born tonight in Bethlehem, the city of David!   And this is how you will recognize him: You will find a baby lying in a manger, wrapped snugly in strips of cloth!”   Suddenly, the angel was joined by a vast host of others– the armies of heaven– praising God:   “Glory to God in the highest heaven, and peace on earth to all whom God favors.”   When the angels had returned to heaven, the shepherds said to each other, “Come on, let’s go to Bethlehem! Let’s see this wonderful thing that has happened, which the Lord has told us about.”   They ran to the village and found Mary and Joseph. And there was the baby, lying in the manger.   Then the shepherds told everyone what had happened and what the angel had said to them about this child.   All who heard the shepherds’ story were astonished,   but Mary quietly treasured these things in her heart and thought about them often.   The shepherds went back to their fields and flocks, glorifying and praising God for what the angels had told them, and because they had seen the child, just as the angel had said.   Eight days later, when the baby was circumcised, he was named Jesus, the name given him by the angel even before he was conceived.  About that time some wise men from eastern lands arrived in Jerusalem, asking,   “Where is the newborn king of the Jews? We have seen his star as it arose, and we have come to worship him.”   Herod was deeply disturbed by their question, as was all of Jerusalem.   He called a meeting of the leading priests and teachers of religious law. “Where did the prophets say the Messiah would be born?” he asked them.   “In Bethlehem,” they said, “for this is what the prophet wrote:   ‘O Bethlehem of Judah, you are not just a lowly village in Judah, for a ruler will come from you who will be the shepherd for my people Israel.’ ”   Then Herod sent a private message to the wise men, asking them to come see him. At this meeting he learned the exact time when they first saw the star.   Then he told them, “Go to Bethlehem and search carefully for the child. And when you find him, come back and tell me so that I can go and worship him, too!”   After this interview the wise men went their way. Once again the star appeared to them, guiding them to Bethlehem. It went ahead of them and stopped over the place where the child was.   When they saw the star, they were filled with joy!   They entered the house where the child and his mother, Mary, were, and they fell down before him and worshiped him. Then they opened their treasure chests and gave him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh.   But when it was time to leave, they went home another way, because God had warned them in a dream not to return to Herod.   After the wise men were gone, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream. “Get up and flee to Egypt with the child and his mother,” the angel said. “Stay there until I tell you to return, because Herod is going to try to kill the child.”   That night Joseph left for Egypt with the child and Mary, his mother,   and they stayed there until Herod’s death. This fulfilled what the Lord had spoken through the prophet: “I called my Son out of Egypt.”   Herod was furious when he learned that the wise men had outwitted him. He sent soldiers to kill all the boys in and around Bethlehem who were two years old and under, because the wise men had told him the star first appeared to them about two years earlier.   Herod’s brutal action fulfilled the prophecy of Jeremiah:   “A cry of anguish is heard in Ramah– weeping and mourning unrestrained. Rachel weeps for her children, refusing to be comforted– for they are dead.”   When Herod died, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt and told him,   “Get up and take the child and his mother back to the land of Israel, because those who were trying to kill the child are dead.”   So Joseph returned immediately to Israel with Jesus and his mother.   But when he learned that the new ruler was Herod’s son Archelaus, he was afraid. Then, in another dream, he was warned to go to Galilee.   So they went and lived in a town called Nazareth. This fulfilled what was spoken by the prophets concerning the Messiah: “He will be called a Nazarene.”

 

So that’s the birth of Jesus Christ, the Savior of the world.  And what’s even better is that it’s all true!  Have a great holiday season, and thank God you’ve made it through another year!

 

Keep the pointy end forward, the dirty side down, and by all means, please… stay out of the trees!

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ATIS and AWOS

Weather is one of the most important parts of flight planning. At first, it doesn’t make a whole lot of sense why pilots would care about things like the temperature, dew point, cloud ceiling, etc.  Let’s start off with temperature. The outside temperature doesn’t affect the aircraft as much as you would think.  However, ice, frost, and density altitude do play a very important part in how an aircraft performs.  As you can probably guess, it is not smart to fly with snow, ice, or frost on the aircraft, as the wings won’t produce as much lift, and many instruments just won’t work accurately.  Also, a dead engine over the Alaskan Bush or Lake Superior usually doesn’t make for a happy flight (such as a Civil Air Patrol or Coast Guard search).  Summer usually has fairer weather, but summer storms can make for very, very bumpy rides.  And about density altitude: This name makes little sense, for the higher the density altitude, the less dense the air is.  This could better be explained as performance altitude.  (As I’m not yet a private pilot, I don’t know a ton on that, but I’m sure that John and Martha King would be happy to sell you a private pilot course.)  Now, let’s get to ATIS and AWOS.

ATIS (Automatic Terminal Information Service) is usually found at reasonably large airports with lots of controllers. The controller will record a tape of the last weather update, and put a letter with it.  For those of you who don’t speak the Air Traffic Control language, here is the list of letters:

Alpha

Bravo

Charlie

Delta

Echo

Foxtrot

Golf

Hotel

India

Juliet

Kilo

Lima

Mike

November

Oscar

Papa

Quebec

Romeo

Sierra

Tango

Uniform

Victor

Whiskey

X-ray

Yankee

Zulu

Now, let’s look at what this report for Montgomery Field in San Diego means.

Montgomery airport information Hotel, 2159 Zulu. Wind: 238 at 8.  Visibility: greater than 20 miles.  Sky condition: few clouds at 5,800.  Temperature: 18. Dew point: 10. Altimeter 2990.  Visual runway 28R and Visual runway 28L in use.  Landing and departing runway 28R and runway 28L.  VFR aircraft say direction of flight. All aircraft read back hold short instruction.  Advise controller on initial contact you have Hotel.

In other words, this is:

Montgomery airport information Hotel, 1: 59 PM Pacific Standard Time. Wind: coming from 238 degrees at 8 miles per hour.  Sky condition: few clouds at 5,800 feet.  Temperature: 18 degrees Celsius.  Dew point: 10 degrees Celsius.  Set your altimeter to 29.90 inches of barometric pressure so it will tell you your correct altitude.  IFR is using the Visual approach to runway 28 right and runway 28 left.  VFR aircraft tell the controller your position, altitude, and intentions.  All aircraft acknowledge the hold short of runway instruction.  Tell the controller on your first transmission that you have Information Hotel.

For the fun of it, let’s look at this rather unlikely ATIS report for Ronald Reagan/ Washington National airport in DC.

Washington airport Information Charlie, 1256 Zulu. Wind: 012 at 23 gusts at 28.  Visibility: 3 miles in snow.  Sky condition: ceiling 300 overcast.  Temperature: -8.  Dew point: -9.   Altimeter 2950.  ILS runway 1 in use. Landing and departing runway 1. All aircraft read back hold short instructions.  Advise controller on initial contact you have Charlie.

This means:

Washington airport Information Charlie, 7:59 AM Eastern Standard Time. Wind: coming from 12 degrees at 23 miles per hour with gusts up to 28 miles per hour.  Sky condition: ceiling 300 feet overcast.  Temperature: -8 degrees Celsius.  Dew point: -9 degrees Celsius.  Altimeters should be set to 29.50 inches of barometric pressure.  IFR is using the ILS approach to runway 1.  Landing and departing runway 1.  The airport is currently below VFR minimums.  All aircraft read back the instruction to hold short of the runway.  Tell the controller on your first radio transmission that you have Charlie.

As you can see, there’s a lot to it, but that’s important. However, you get the hang of it pretty quickly.

For an AWOS (Automated Weather Observing System) report, you’ll hear a computer voice give you the report. Here’s one for Sedona, Arizona.

Kilo Sierra Echo Zulu Automated Weather Observation, 1359 Zulu. Wind: calm. Visibility: greater than 20 miles.  Sky condition: Clear… Temperature: 20 Celsius.  Dew point: 8 Celsius.  Altimeter: 2992.

Now that’s about the best weather that you could hope for. As you can see, the AWOS is pretty self-explanatory.

I hope that you’ve enjoyed reading this!

Keep the pointy side forward, the dirty side down, and by all means, please… stay out of the trees!

Have a great day!

Isaiah

(And yes, King Schools does use Montgomery Field, and yes, the Kings did use Sedona for one of the courses. And I would greatly recommend flight training through King Schools over Sporty’s.)

 

 


Hello, aircraft fans!

In this edition of the Plane Crash, we’ll look at the U.S. Navy’s WW2 top three: the Grumman F6f Hellcat, the Vought F-4U Corsair, and the Grumman F4f Wildcat.

chance vought corsair- chance corsair- vought corsair

A painting of a Corsair at Boeing Field.

Wildcat: Before the greatness of aircraft like the Grumman Hellcat and Vought Corsair, the Grumman F4f Wildcat was a fine aircraft.  First built in 1939, this rugged mid-wing 318-mph six machine-gun aircraft held a critical point in the U.S. Navy until better aircraft were supplied.  For instance, Lieutenant Butch O’Hare destroyed five Japanese bombers in six minutes.  Later, despite being shot down in the Pacific, the Chicago-O’Hare airport was named for him.  The Wildcat had a crew of 1, one 895kW (1200hp) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-66 radial engine, a maximum speed of 512km/h(318mph), a range of 1239km (770 miles), and a service ceiling of 10,638m (34,900ft).

Grumman wildcat- wildcat- grumman- navy

An excellent photo of a squadron of Wildcats during WW2.

Dimensions are as follows: Wingspan: 11.58m (38ft.). Length: 8.76m (28ft. 9in.).  Height: 3.61m (11ft. 10in.).

Armament: Six 12.77mm (0.50in.) machine guns in wings and an external bomb load of 91kg (200lb.).  Total loaded weight was 3607 kg (7952lb.).

grumman f6f hellcat- udvar-hazy- navy

The Grumman F6f Hellcat at the Stephen F. Udvar-Hazy Center.

Hellcat: The Hellcat flew for the first time on June 26, 1942.  Many of its war abilities had been learned from its predecessor, the Wildcat.  Specifications for this war-changing plane are as follows:

Crew: 1.

Powerplant: one 1492 kW (2000hp) Pratt & Whitney R-2800-10W radial engine.

Performance: Maximum speed: 612 km/h (380mph).  Range: 1521km (945 miles).  Service ceiling: 11,369m (37,300ft.).

Dimensions: Wingspan: 13.05m (42ft10in.).  Length: 10.24m(33ft.7in.).  Height: 3.99m (13ft.1in.).

Armament: six 12.7mm(0.50ibn.) machine guns in wings, or two 20mm(0.79in.) cannon and four 12.7mm(0.50in) machine guns, provision for two 453kg (1000lb) bombs or six 12.7cm (5in) RPs.

Weight: 7025kg (15,487lb).

In all, the Grumman F6f ran up a 19 to 1 kill ratio.

chance vought corsair- chance corsair- vought corsair

As the sun sets over the Pacific, these Corsairs return home.

And now: the Chance Vought F4U Corsair.  The speed, strength, and firepower of the Corsair enabled it to dominate Japanese opposition, shooting down 2140 against a loss of 189.  Its performance and dependability allowed great flight leaders like John Blackburn, John Smith, Marion Carl, Joe Foss, and Pappy Boyington to create legendary fighter squadrons.  It was truly a superior aircraft.

Have a great day!

Isaiah


Classic Aircraft Trivia #2

Hello, aircraft fans!

In this edition of the Plane Crash, we’ll do another Classic Aircraft Trivia game.  The rules are as follows, anyone who breaks them will lose… or something like that.  CHEATING IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED, as according to the Backyard Football Sudden Death Overtime Rules.  Rule number one: First team to score wins.  Rule number two: Uh, there is no rule number two.  Rule number three: see rules #1 and #2.  Please send me your results via a “comment” box.

1. What is Britain’s most beloved aircraft?

A. Supermarine Spitfire   B. Hawker Hurricane      C. Curtiss Warhawk

2. What airline is based out of Vancouver BC?

A. Air Canada        B. Canadian          C. Air Force One    D. First Niagara

3. What was the original competitor to the de Havilland Beaver?

A. Cessna 172       B. Cessna 185       C. Noorduyn Norseman    D. None of the above

4. What is North America’s main short range civil aircraft company?

A. Nord        B. de Havilland      C. Maule      D. Boeing     E. Bombardier   F. Cessna

5. What is the greatest floatplane ever?

A. de Havilland Beaver/single otter/ twin otter      B. Cessna 185       C. Noorduyn Norseman

Bonus question: What Canadian squadron is the Winnipeg Jets NHL team named for?

A. 117th        B. 123rd        C. 555th       D. 1st           E. 246th        F. 17th

G. None of the above        H. All of the above           I. Alex Ovechkin            K. Angelica Ragdolls

Have a great day!

Isaiah

Credits: backyard football sudden death overtime rules 1-2-3: Klem Daniels, as Chuck Downfield. Humongous Entertainment.


Hello, aircraft fans!

In this edition of the Plane View, we’ll take a look at the long line of Grumman aircraft.  From the ’31 FF-1 to the EA-6, we will see how Grumman has one of the longest lines, and also is one of the best.

A painting of a Grumman at Boeing Field.

A painting of a Grumman at Boeing Field.

And now: The Grumman FF-1.  The FF-1 was a Golden Age aircraft, and still served in the Spanish Civil War on the Republican side.  It had a crew of one, a 709kW(950hp) Wright R-1820-22 Cyclone 9-cylinder radial engine, a maximum speed of 418km/h(260mph), a range of 1819km(1130 miles), a service ceiling of 9845m(32,300ft), as well as a wingspan of 9.75m(32ft.), a length of 7.01m(23ft), and a height of 2.84m(9ft.4in.).  The weight was2155kg(4750lb) loaded; an armament of one 12.7mm(0.50in) and one 7.62mm(0.30in) machine gun in upper forward fuselage, as well as an external bomb load of 105kg(232lb.).

The Grumman G-12 Goose was a high-winged, amphibious aircraft with retractable landing gear, as well as a crew of 2, and a variable payload, changing depending on whether passengers or freight was being carried.  A few are still in service today, as they are a grand old plane, first built in 1937.

Although the greatness of aircraft like the Grumman Hellcat and Vought Corsair, the Grumman F4f Wildcat was a fine aircraft.  First built in 1939, this rugged mid-wing 318-mph six machine-gun aircraft held a critical point in the U.S. Navy until better aircraft were supplied.  For instance, Lieutenant Butch O’Hare destroyed five Japanese bombers in six minutes.  Later, despite being shot down in the Pacific, the Chicago-O’Hare airport was named for him.

The Grumman TBF Avenger was an effective dive-bomber, being second only to the Douglas SBD Dauntless.  On the fighter side, the Grumman F6f Hellcat, which won the war in the Pacific, the F7f Tigercat, and the F8f all proved to be at least worthy aircraft.

Search and Rescue:  The SA-16 Albatross of ‘47 and the S-2 of ’52 both were excellent, the SA-16 being S&R and the S-2 being submarine-killer.  But the E-2 of ’60 surpassed both, in the way of searching for enemy aircraft.

Back to fighters: the F9f, F11f, and F-14 all proved to be sufficient for their time.  The F-14 Tomcat had more than 30 years of service, but has now been replaced by the Boeing/McDonnell Douglas F-18 Hornet.

Lastly: the Grumman A-6 Intruder and EA-6 Prowler are the best attack-radar jamming aircraft ever.  The current Prowler is greatly needed, as skies are again becoming hostile (get ready for World War III!

grumman f6f hellcat- udvar-hazy- navy

The Grumman F6f Hellcat at the Stephen F. Udvar-Hazy Center.

Hope you enjoyed this post.

Have a great day!

Isaiah


Classic Aircraft Trivia

Hello, aircraft fans!

In this edition of the Plane View, we’ll do something a bit different this time.  Instead of me writing about one or more aircraft, it’s sort of a trivia game on aircraft.  The rules are as follows, anyone who breaks them will lose… or something like that.  CHEATING IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED, as according to the Backyard Football Sudden Death Overtime Rules.  Please send me your results via a “comment” box.

1. Who bought out Northwest Airlines?

A: Delta       B: Alaska     C: United

2. What airline is based out of Denver?

A: Delta       B: Alaska     C: Frontier

3: What is Air Force One?

A: the President’s plane   B: the code for the president’s plane   C: a Golfstream aircraft

4: What does the president fly in from the White House to Andrews Air Force Base?

A: Marine One       B: Air Force One    C: a North American P-51 Mustang     D: a hang glider

5: When is the president’s aircraft officially Air Force One?

A: all the time       B: as soon as the president goes on board     C: when it is airborne

BONUS QUESTION!: Who shot down the Red Baron?

A: Eddie Rickenbacker     B: Roy Brown         C: Wop May            D: Richard Bong

Have a great day!

Isaiah

north american- p-51- mustang- ww2- udvar-hazy

The North American P-51 Mustang at the Stephen F. Udvar-Hazy Center.


British Aircraft History

Hello, aircraft fans!

In this edition of the Plane View, we’ll take a look at the British hero aircraft.  As the British “royal baby” has recently been born, I thought it would be fitting to do a post on the British aircraft fame.

Dating back to World War 1, England has been a world leader in the aircraft industry, with such greats as the Sopwith Pup, Sopwith Camel, Sopwith Snipe, the age-opening Sopwith Triplane, Royal Aircraft Factory FE.2b, and Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5.  The famous Sopwith Camel, flown by such greats as William Barker, Roy Brown, Wilfred “Wop” May, and Snoopy (on his doghouse), was much like the German Messerschmitt Bf 109 Gustav, in the fact that both were feared by the enemy and the pilots.  On the other hand, the Sopwith Pup was arguably the sweetest of all World War 1 aircraft to fly.  The Royal Aircraft Factory SE.5 was the Supermarine Spitfire of World War 1, about as high of praise as a plane could get.

A picture of Snoopy in his Sopwith Camel

A picture of Snoopy in his Sopwith Camel

In World War 2, England was still on top.  The enemies were mostly the same, with Germany as the main, but Italy was Axis, as was Japan.  France, who had been the second toughest country of WWI, was now disgustingly crummy, and Canada was rapidly rising, never to drop.  But despite the Hawker Hurricane, Supermarine Spitfire, Supermarine Seafire, Hawker Typhoon, Hawker Tempest, Grumman Wildcat, North American P-51 Mustang, Blackburn Skua, Bristol Beaufort, Bristol Beaufighter, Avro Lancaster, and de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito, the Germans had the Messerschmitt Bf 109 Gustav, Focke-Wulf Fw 190, Junkers Ju 87 Stuka, Junkers Ju 88, and Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor; the Italians had the Fiat Falco and Macchi MC.202 Folgore; and the Japanese had the Nakajima B5N Kate, Nakajima Ki.43 Oscar, Mitsubishi A6M Zero, Mitsubishi G4M Betty, Kawanishi N1K1-J George, and Kawasaki Ki-45 Nick.  But in the end the workhorse Hawker Hurricane, and the greatest fighter in history, the beautiful little Supermarine Spitfire, surpassed them all.

Boeing Field's Supermarine Spitfire.

Boeing Field’s Supermarine Spitfire.

And now, Britain still is one of the top airpowers, as the Panavia Tornado, the most radical current aircraft, has been accepted widely and is in the country category of INTERNATIONAL(as said by Robert Jackson).  It could be the greatest aircraft of the coming years, currently hardly surpassed.

Have a great day!

 

Isaiah

PS- this picture below is from a trip my family went on 7-22.

My family in Cannon Beach.

My family in Cannon Beach.